10 contributions Vietnam gave the world


January 11.2022


What is Vietnam well-known for? Vietnam has given much to the world over the years, with over 2000 years of history, 54 ethnic groups, and decades of diverse foreign influences. Here are 10 things that Vietnam has given the rest of the world, ranging from Ao Dai to the Banh Mi sandwich.

The Vietnamese costume Áo Dài

The history of the Vietnamese Ao Dai began in 1744, when Southern Lord Nguyen Phuc Khoat ordered that a front-buttoned gown and trouser be worn during his reign. The garment, which was inspired by the Cham style, was initially looser and worn by both men and women. The Ao Dai is today worn for special occasions and comes in a variety of styles. For Vietnamese people, the Ao Dai is a modern testament to Vietnamese history as well as a symbol of culture and style.



Conical hat


Historically, Vietnamese  women from north to south wore the conical hat regardless of social status. The first traces of the conical hat, or No La, can be found in drawings engraved on Ngoc Lu bronze drums and Dao Thinh bronze jars from 2 to 3 millennia before our era. Although no one knows exactly when this hat was invented. The conical hat is still regarded as a symbol of Vietnamese peasants and is one of the most popular souvenirs brought back by tourists to their home countries.




Halong Bay

Halong Bay, a vast natural seawater bay covering more than 43 thousand hectares is home to the world’s largest marine karst, located between H Long and Cat Ba National Park on Cat Ba Island, in the Tonkin Gulf. This 120 km of coastline, home an exceptional preserved natural marine scenery with 1,969 submerged limestone islands, and a rich tropical ecosystem, making it well-known worldwide. The site was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since December 1994, and it was named one of the seven new natural wonders in 2011. Halong Bay is now one of the most important tourist destinations in Vietnam today.


The world’s biggest cave Sơn Đoòng


Sơn Đông Cave, better known as Hang Soon Dong Cave was formed two to five million years ago by an underground river. The cave in the Bo Trach District of Quang Binh Province, Vietnam, north of Dong Hoi is part of the Phong Nha-K Bàng National Park, close to the Laos border. The cave is known as the world’s largest underground gallery. Within the network of caves, one could construct an entire neighborhood of forty-story buildings. This is one of the twenty new caves discovered in Vietnam in 2010. 


Nuoc man or Fish sauce


This distinct sauce is made from two ingredients: fish (usually anchovies) and salt, which ferment for months together. Fish sauce’s origins can be traced back to the 4th century BC in Roman times, when it was known as garum and had factories in Spain, Portugal, and Northern Africa. The trade moved from west to east along the trade routes. According to other sources, there are two types of fish sauce, one developed in the East and one in the West at different times. It is thought that the Asian sauce originated in Vietnam. Fish sauce is now a staple in Southeast Asia, with the version from the Vietnamese island of Phu Quoc being the first product in the region to receive a certification: Protected Designation of Origin certification from the EU Commission.


Bánh Mi


The bánh m sandwich was born after the defeat of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 and was created by Mr. and Mrs. Le, who revolutionized dining in Saigon at the time by placing all of the meal’s ingredients in a piece of bread, a perfect and cheap solution. Of course, the French sandwich was well-known before, but the ingredients for the Banh mi were altered. Mayonnaise replaced the butter, and vegetables and other local ingredients took the place of the French cold cuts. When Vietnamese people went to the United States and Europe, they brought their Vietnamese specialties with them. The bánh m sandwich is now ubiquitous everywhere in the world.





Rice is an essential part of Vietnamese life, and its origins in the Mekong Delta can be traced back to the Khmer regime of the 18th century. The French,  in the mid-nineteenth century helped with the development of the rice industry by creating a maze of canals in the delta to grow rice crops. Vietnam is now one of the world’s largest rice exporter.


Vietnamese coffee


Today’s Vietnamese coffee is one of the best damn robusta coffee you’ll ever have, thanks to the French who introduced it in 1857 after deciding to open colonization zones up in the highlands of Da Lak Province. The coffee is so strong and flavorful that it can stand up to sweetness without losing its distinctive “coffee” flavor. Vietnam is now the world’s largest coffee exporter.





Known as “the king of all fruits,” the durian will instantly enchant those who try it. It has a distinct aroma, a deep sweetness, and a juicy flavor. However, for tourists in general, and Europeans in particular, it is a fruit with the “worst odor.” Despite its origins in Indonesia and Brunei, durian is a popular fruit in Vietnam. The Durian was introduced to southern Vietnam about 30 years ago from Thailand and the Philippines, and it is now an important tree crop in the Mekong Delta lowlands. The fruit is also grown on the well-drained soil of Vietnam’s highlands in the south-east, central highlands, and central coast.

Vietnamese craft beer


Since the introduction of Czech-style breweries to the country in the 2000s, the Vietnamese craft beer scene has been thriving. More than a dozen microbreweries have opened in Vietnam these last years. These newcomers are offering new options for beer drinkers and produce some of best Asia’s beers.





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Bliss Saigon is an online magazine dedicated to the Art of living in Ho Chi Minh City and Asia. The magazine present a unique editorial approach based on experts and influencers contributions, written with optimism, humor and accessibility, offering an interactive and ludic reading on lifestyle topics with sharp selections for unique insights.