In many Asian countries, gender inequalities affect the demographic balance, and it’s not anymore easy for a man to get a woman. Asia has 100 million women less than men and is the most masculine continent in the world. Without Asia, the planet would be predominantly female. China and India are the main countries affected by this problem, but not only. Pakistan, Bangladesh, Taiwan, South Korea and Indonesia are also concerned. In 2020, the number of men with no wife and no children should reach 28 to 32 million in India, and 30 to 40 million in China.
Elimination of girls by abortions, unequal treatment between boys and girls, poor sanitation, are today still the cause of female mortality in childhood but also in adulthood. In Asia there is fewer girls birth than it should and female mortality increases more than it should.
IN INDIA GIRLS REPRESENT 90% OF ABANDONED BABIES
Infanticide is still practiced in small villages. It is not unusual to find baby girls suffocated in plastic bags, poisoned with toxic plants, drowned or strangled.
IT IS NOT THE POOREST CLASSES THAT ELIMINATES MOST GIRLS IN INDIA BUT THE EDUCATED MIDDLE CLASS
For the middle class, the dot is very high. The wealthy and affluent urban areas have less female birth than others areas.
It has become common in India for a woman to abort four, five or six times in his life, to be sure to expect a boy. There would be 6.4 million abortions per year in the country, in majority unreported.
THE FAMILY LINEAGE
Asian societies have a strong preference for the sons.
For countries like China, Taiwan, South Korea, etc., the lack of baby boys means the extinction of the family lineage and ancestor cult. The preservation of its economic heritage, usually the land, also influences the decision to favor a son.
The allocation of arable land, a system set up in China during the agrarian collectivisation in 1980, in addition to an inheritance system governed by patrilineal rules push many farmers to prefer a son.
In India, the recent inflation of the amount of the dot is threatening more heavily the families’ economic stability.
Even in affluent circles, having a daughter is often seen as bad luck. When a family marries his daughter, the girl’s family has to give a significant flow of money to the husband family.
So if you have three daughters, you’re ruined; three sons, you’re saved!
GIRLS AND RELIGION
In the Hindu religion, having a daughter, condemns parents to an eternal wandering, because it is the son who is traditionally in charge of parent’s funeral death rites.
GIRLS AND FAMILY
In India, as in China, in the family, the girl is only passing. After her wedding, she will leave his family to devote herself to her husband’s family and will have nothing more to see with his parents.
In rural China, they know they have to raise a son to prepare their old age because they will never receive a retirement pension. Raising a daughter, says Chinese is cultivating the field for another one; for the Indians, it is watering the neighbor’s garden!
FIND A WIFE TODAY
In China, to Respond to this growing demand for wives, transnational networks organize themselves. At the Sino-Vietnamese border, for example, the migration of women for marriage purposes is expanding for many years.
For some poor Chinese families, buy a wife is now the only way to find, at lower cost, a companion for their son and Vietnamese girls see in it a promise of a richer life.
In some villages, marriage registration services simplify procedures, allowing purchasers to get a certificate of marriage and an inscription in due form on the civil status registers.
These wedding migrations also happen towards Taiwan these last 30 years. Since the mid-1990s, Vietnam has supplied more than 100 000 wives to the Taiwanese man.
BE MORE RARE DOES NOT INVOLVES NECESSARILY TO BECOME MORE PRECIOUS
Will the women rarity improve their condition in the future? For the moment, nothing indicates it. In China and India in particular, the lack of women gave birth to a new business where women represent only a commodity. The Poor families sell their daughters and rates varies between 5,000 rupees (average price of a mobile phone) and 105,000 rupees (computer prices). Some young women are even sold to families that have multiple single sons, so the wife is shared between them.
India also sees increasements of violence. Sexual frustration linked to the rise of celibacy is driving men to rape: Only in Delhi, there is one rape every 24h. Many are collective crimes.
Prostitution is also booming there, where more than 2 millions of women are prostitutes, 25% are very young girls. Most of them belong the low caste.
The future of these generations of women is yet to be written. If the deficit of women continues, the world will have serious repercussions. Fewer women mean fewer children and mathematically fewer girls for the futures generations and in term a rapid deceleration of the population growth in these countries which are today the most populous ones.