The first semestrial of 2016, Vietnam spent more than 140 million USD for the importation of pesticide, which means around 1 million per day. With around 100 000 tons of pesticides and insecticides imported into the country every year, Vietnam is ranked as the first top country to consume phytosanitary products and The Vietnam pesticides market is meant to get a value of USD 1.2 billion by 2020.
Today Traceability of food provenance and production methods is poorly regulated in Vietnam and enforced in a country where food quality get less attention than quantity. Cultivate more and more rice is the obsession of Vietnam who is already the world’s second largest exporter. But farmers are asked to produce always more and more in disregard of the environment. The major famine of 1945 and food shortages in the post-war years led the government to adopt a “rice first” policy.
The country now produces much more than necessary to feed its population, and which dump its exports. By producing three crops per year, Vietnam obtains only low-quality rice, and rice farmers need to use more pesticides and fertilizers since insects are the major pests infecting rice cultivation. The intensive use of pesticide also disservice agriculture as useful insect species, soil microorganisms, and worms which naturally restriction pest populations and preserve soil health disappear. Today The Vietnamese pesticides market is led by the cereals & grains segment, followed by the fruits & vegetables and oilseeds & pulses segments. Synthetic pesticides are the most used followed by bio-pesticides. Among synthetic pesticides, insecticides are the most frequently used pesticides in Vietnam.
The effects of pesticides found in food on our body
Pesticides are meant to kill. Their mode of action does not differentiate an organism from another, so they harm pests, but also humans. Children and any young developing organisms are particularly vulnerable to them, even when exposed to even a very low level. The exposure to pesticides can have several side effects such as memory loss, loss of coordination, reduce the speed of response to stimuli, reduced the visual ability, altered mood or behavior, reduced motor skills, asthma, allergies, and hypersensitivity. More serious conditions such as cancer, hormone disruption, problems with reproduction and fetal development have also been linked to the consumption of pesticides. Nowadays the use of insecticides is broadly spread, not simply on the agricultural field, but also in houses, schools, forests… The intensive use of Pesticides bring not simply consequences to what you eat, but also in the air, you breathe and the water, you drink.