Today and for many years in India, the government promotes conservative laws about homosexuality or pornography. But India was not always like this. The country was far more liberal about sex behavior before the 13th Century. At this time, sex education and practice were imperative to get to a higher state of spirituality. The Kamasutra, the world’s first sex treatise, was written in India between the 4th Century BC and the 2nd Century. Nudity and sex scenes are present in paintings and sculptures like in the Sun Temple at Konark or at Maharashtra’s Buddhist rock-cut monastic cave of Ajanta and Ellora, part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in India.
The geographical isolation protected these temple from men. Inside, images of gods and goddesses, warriors, musicians, animals, and birds are sculpted in the cave. The scenes show orgies and sometimes with a bit of bestiality. For some historian, Chandela kings were following Tantric principles and promoted their faith in the temples they created. Other people think that temples were places for learning the art of lovemaking. In the Hinduism tradition, sex is before all considered as an essential part of life.
INDIA – AURANGABAD – AJANTA CAVES