Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park // Vietnam – JP Goes Global
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Nha-Ke Bang is one of the biggest National Park in Vietnam, located in Bo Trach and Minh Hoa District, Quang Binh Province. Though it is quite far from Hanoi, about 500 km to the North, Phong Nha still attracts a high number of tourists due to its biodiversity and incredible cave system. The park consists of two protected regions: one of the world’s two largest karst regions with around 300 caves and grottoes, and the ecosystem of limestone forest of the Annamite Range. The core zone of this national park covers 85,754 hectares, divided into three zones, a “strictly protected zone” (64,894 km²), an “ecological recovery zone” (17,449 km²), and an “administrative service zone” (3,411 km²). The plateau is probably one of the finest and most distinctive examples of a complex karst landform in Southeast Asia. With a vast rain forest area, this place is a home for about 132 large species and over 338 species of birds. A large number of plants and animals are listed in the Viet Nam Red Data book of endangered species, which make Phong Nha a truly natural reserve.
Phong Nha – Ke Bang is mostly well-known for its group of over 300 caves multi – shaped. This “cave Kingdom” is truly a wonder, a paradise for scientists, explorers and tourists. Also, Phong Nha is recognized and evaluated as one of the most beautiful and unique sights by the British cave research association in collaboration with the Geography Department of Hanoi National University. The results have been published in the Journal of International Caves – No. 48, July 1994 and acknowledged five extraordinary characteristics of Phong Nha’s cave as the cave with the longest underground river, the highest and widest entrance, the most beautiful sandbank and reef, the most beautiful underground lake, the most beautiful and widest dry cave, the most spectacular stalactites, stalagmites and longest water grottos. Among the caves, Phong Nha is prominent with surveyed length of nearly 8 km, mainly with underground rivers, Vom Cave (Arch cave) is more than 15 km long. With 31.4 km in length, Phong Nha rivers are known as the longest underground rivers in the world.
Besides these incredible cave system, Phong Nha also contains two dozens of mighty limestone mountains with over 1,000 m height. The grandiosity and uniqueness of the limestone mountain ranges can only be found in Phong Nha-Ke Bang. If you are an enthusiastic mountaineer, this is the place you do not want to miss. If you are an adventurer type, visit the Ke Bang primary jungles hosting an infinite number of vertebrates rare species as Gecko, Macaques, White-cheeked Crested Gibbons and many others.
If it is still not enough for you, visit Phong Nha – Ke Bang region. Yu will find there a highly valuable historical and cultural heritage of prehistoric time, Cham culture, Chut – ethnic minority group, Viet, and Bru-Van Kieu ethnic, etc.
Recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2003, Vietnam submits this year Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park to UNESCO for its recognition as a world natural heritage for biodiversity.
How to get there?
Thong Nhat train will take you from the center of Hanoi to Phong Nha within a day. After arrived at Dong Hoi station, you can travel by road or by sea. Both are easy to use, yet the latter could bring you the practical understanding of a riverside life.